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Most countries require that all laws passed by the houses or houses of the legislator be signed by the head of state. In some states, such as the United Kingdom, Belgium and Ireland, the head of state is formally regarded as a level of legislative power. However, in most parliamentary regimes, the head of state cannot refuse to sign a bill and by giving his approval to a bill so that it has been passed according to the right procedures. The signature of a law is formally known as enactment. Some monarchical states call this procedure royal approval. The few exceptions for which the head of state is not even the nominal director general – and where the supreme executive power is explicitly entrusted to a cabinet in accordance with the Constitution – are the Czech Republic, Ireland, Israel, Japan and Sweden. [12] [14] Chief Executive is a term used for certain governorships, which expresses the nature of their work by analogy with a head of government. It is often used to refer to the presidential powers conferred by the Constitution. As executive chief, the president can: implement the policy, oversee the executive branch of government, prepare an executive budget for the presentation to Congress, and appoint and remove executive officials.

Primogeniture, in which the monarch`s oldest child becomes the first monarch, is the most common system in the hereditary monarchy. The order of succession is generally influenced by the rules of the genre. Historically, the “Agnatic Primogenitur” or “Patrilelical Primogenitur” has been privileged, i.e. inheriting according to the age of birth among the sons of a monarch or head of the family, with sons and their male edition inheriting brothers and their problem, and hereditary males who inherit before women of the male lineage. [84] It is the same as semi-salic primogenite. The total exclusion of women from dynastic succession is commonly referred to as the application of the Salic Law (see Terra salica). An independent nation-state normally has a head of state and determines the extent of the executive powers of its head of state. [8] In the protocol: The head of a sovereign and independent state is generally identified as the person who, according to the Constitution of that state, is the monarch in power, in the case of a monarchy; or the president, in the case of a Republic.


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